India obtained its independence from British Rule on 15th August 1947. India became independent and wants to develop and prosper with its own decisions.
Though we became independent, we did not have our own constitution. Without constitution it is difficult to take the right decisions for growth. So we needed our own constitution which will be the principles and guidelines, based on which we will be able to take the right decisions at the right time. Constitution also deals with the procedures and methodology of taking decisions.
The Constitution of India came into effect on 26th Jan 1950 which we call it as Republic Day. Since 1950 we were able to continuously grow with the guidance from our Constitution. Without an effective constitution, this exponential growth could have become impossible.
So far we have made 96 amendments in our constitution in the last 62 years. Amendments make the constitution more dynamic and implementable in the changing times.
You will be financially dependent on your parents till you complete education. Once you get a job you will become financially independent. You can take your own financial and investment decisions. You may want to financially grow and achieve financial goals like buying a car, buying a property, children education and marriage, and having a comfortable retirement.
Do you have your own financial constitution? That is you need to have a set of financial principles guiding you to take the right financial and investment decisions. Without these guiding principles it is difficult for one to financially grow and achieve financial goals. This financial constitution or financial plan details the step by step procedures and methodologies of taking sound financial and investment decisions.
Illustrating a Case:
Rahul would like to retire in 25 years. He would like to have (when retiring) investments which can generate lifelong, the equivalent of Rs.50000 per month and additional Rs. 2 lacs per annum at today’s costs.
A Mediocre Approach:
Rahul may choose invest now and then. He may contribute Rs.3000 in one month, Rs.15000 in another month. He may skip investments at times. So his financial picture will not be very clear. He will not know how much he will be accumulating when retiring. He will have insecurity throughout.
Financial Planning Approach:
Financial planning approach has got some principles and guidelines. These principles and guidelines are like a light house for a ship. They give you the right direction at any point in time.
Investment Principles and Guidelines in Financial Planning Approach:
- A good investment need to generate a decent inflation adjusted return.
- Not investing in risky avenues like stock market is also riskier.
- When doing trading, you are not investing.
- Asset allocation is a proven strategy to reduce the overall risk of the portfolio. Periodically rebalancing the assets will enhance the potential of wealth creation.
In the financial planning approach, the situation will be detailed with more facts. As you have well established procedures and methodologies in financial planning, you will be able to do a sound plan and course of action to be taken to achieve the financial goals.
Expected Annual Income
(Post Retirement in today’s value)
FV Expected Annual Income
Required Annual Investment
Required Monthly Investment
If Rahul is able to invest Rs.49738 per month, he will be able to accumulate the retirement corpus easily.
Alternatively Rahul can start with Rs.22000.per month, and increase the contribution every year by 10%. Even in this method he will be able to accumulate enough towards his retirement.
Amendments Vs Review:
Financial planning reviews are what amendments to a constitution. When there is a change or deviation from our original plan, we need to do a review to control the change. The reviews of financial plan accommodate the changes and deviations and make the whole plan achievable.
When celebrating the Republic Day of our country, why don’t you create your own financial constitution /financial plan for a better prosperity?
Long live Republic.
The author is Ramalingam K, an MBA (Finance) and Certified Financial Planner. He is the Director and Chief Financial planner of Holistic Investment Planners (www.holisticinvestment.in) a firm that offers Financial Planning and Wealth Management. He can be reached at email@example.com.